Zeus took the Air and the Sky, Poseidon the Waters, and Hades the Underworldthe land of the dead—yet they share dominion of the Earth. Furious at this insult, Achilles returns to his tent in the army camp and refuses to fight in the war any longer.
Thetis departs, and Zeus rejoins the other gods in assembly. He vengefully yearns to see the Achaeans destroyed and asks his mother, the sea-nymph Thetis, to enlist the services of Zeus, king of the gods, toward this end.
Agamemnon, commander-in-chief of the Achaean army, takes Chryseis as his prize. Amid the wailing of all the Trojan women he comes from the gates to meet the Greek warrior, who is understood to be completely invincible.
Hector ends up with the armor, but the Achaeans, thanks to a courageous effort by Menelaus and others, manage to bring the body back to their camp. Concerned for his comrades but still too proud to help them himself, Achilles agrees to a plan proposed by Nestor that will allow his beloved friend Patroclus to take his place in battle, wearing his armor.
Diomedes and Odysseus volunteer. Then Patroclus begs that he be allowed to wear the armor of Achilles so that the Greeks will believe their hero fought with them, and Achilles consents.
Messengers are sent to Achilles, asking him to return to battle, but Achilles is still sulking beside his ships and refuses to fight. Diomedes and Odysseus volunteer. The connection, in this case, between guileful tactics of the Greeks in the Iliad and those of the later Greeks is not a difficult one to find.
Active Themes Chryses departs, but prays to Apollo to send down arrows of plague onto the Achaeans. The Greek hero Diomedes, strengthened by Athena, drives the Trojans before him but, in his arrogance and blood-lust, strikes and injures Aphrodite.
Do you wish to bring back a man who is mortal, one long since doomed by his destiny, from ill-sounding death and release him. He criticizes Agamemnon again and tells the heralds that the day will come when they will need his help.
He determines that after the ships are set afire he will no longer aid the Trojans but will allow the Greeks to have the final victory. His investigation of the oral Homeric style—"stock epithets" and "reiteration" words, phrases, stanzas —established that these formulae were artifacts of oral tradition easily applied to an hexametric line.
When Zeus awakens and sees what has happened, his wrath is terrible, and he orders Apollo to restore Hector to health.
Despite the misgivings of his wife, Andromachethe Trojan hero, Hectorson of King Priamchallenges the Greek warrior-hero Ajax to single combat, and is almost overcome in battle.
Father of the shining bolt, dark misted, what is this you said. Homer also came to be of great influence in European culture with the resurgence of interest in Greek antiquity during the Renaissanceand it remains the first and most influential work of the Western canon.
Instead, Achilles insults Agamemnon and declares that he will no longer fight for him. The first instance of this doubt occurs in Book XVI. Even as Phoibos Apollo is taking away my Chryseis.
With Zeus supporting the Trojans and Achilles refusing to fight, the Achaeans suffer great losses. Homer’s address to the Muse begins the idea that the Iliad is a poem inspired by the gods, an epic undertaking that will retrace a myth already well known to Homer’s ancient Greek audience.
When Agamemnon’s refuses to give up Chryses’ daughter, Apollo provides an early example of divine intervention, setting an example of how the gods. The Iliad is an epic poem and part of the ancient Greek oral tradition.
Homer’s audience was an illiterate culture, and Homer himself was most likely illiterate. Many critics believe that the composition of the Iliad predated any form of writing in the Greek culture.
Little is known about the life of Homer, the author credited with composing The Iliad and The Odyssey who is arguably the greatest poet of the ancient world. Historians place his birth sometime around BC and conjecture that he was born and resided in or near Chios.
The Iliad is an Ancient Greek epic poem by Homer that was first published in BC. Analysis Like other ancient epic poems, The Iliad presents its subject clearly from the outset.
Indeed, the poem names its focus in its opening word: menin, or “rage.”. “The Iliad” itself does not cover the early events of the Trojan War, which had been launched ten years before the events described in the poem in order to rescue Helen, the wife of King Menelaus of Sparta, after her abduction by the Trojan prince, Paris.Iliad poem analysis